Honourable and constructive presence of Georgians in Iran
Iran is a land of honourable people who has had a rich history, folklore, culture and civilisation. They have always strived to maintain and safeguard integrity all along the history.
Among these, Georgians are some smart, hospitable, sensible, and tolerant and in some periods oppressed ones which have undergone lots of ups and downs to survive. Their history is an epic of their struggles and serious attempts to upgrade the quality of life in their own region. The first Georgians who were form the race of Pontozagros first inhabited in Georgia. Their language is Georgian and a special kind of orthography which is made up of thirty three letters. When ancient Greeks first saw Georgians were puzzled because they were very prolific and hard-working. That's why entitled them Georges (farmers).
Georgians call themselves Kartvel and their land Sakartvelo. Both of these names date back to the legendary god they believed in. Lots of travelers have mentioned the good deeds and beauties of them. Shardan, the renowned French tourist states: 'Georgian race is one of the purest of all in the East. They are highly intelligent and talented'.
Georgia has always attracted the attention of different governors and countries such as the Ottoman, Iran and Russia. This is because of its climatic, geographic and economic conditions. These countries have always wanted to annex some part of this country to their own. These attempts were the highest in the time of Safaviye dynasty from 907 to 1135 A.H.
Shah Esma'eel the First, Shah Tahmaseb the First and Shah Abas the First invaded Georgia a lot of times. Shah Tahmaseb through four attacks made 30 thousand Georgian immigrate to Iran and so did Shah Abas but with a higher number (about 200 thousand). Georgians who entered Iran during Safaviye dynasty inhabited in Behshahr, Mazandaran, Ghazvin, Isfahan and Fars. During Afsharie dynasty about thirty thousands of them were forced to immigrate to Iran. In the time of Ghajarie, too, about 20 thousand of them entered Iran.
They are now dispersed in different parts of Iran including Fereidoonshahr, Booin, Miandasht, Najaf Abad, Isfahan, Tehran, Afoos and some villages such as Choghyoort, Seebak, Khong, Nehzat Abad, Dashkasan and Aghche.
In most of the afore-mentioned parts, people speak Goergian. But in some zones like Behshahr, Khorasan , Fars and….. because of multifarious reasons including the domination of other languages and with respect to the fact that Persian is the formal language, the obnoxious phenomenon of Language Death is occurring. It is worth considering to say that Fereidoonshahr and Booin Miandasht are the biggest and the most original parts among them all. After entering Iran , during Safaviye dynasty, they started to make their own way to success and this was because of their nobility, honesty and perseverance.
They formed a class of great stature and vitality in the Safaviye ruling class. In the time of Shah Abas they showed their own spectacular qualities and were given some highest ranks in the army and statesmanship.
From the sources left from Safaviye, we can notice the name of some different governors, ministers and poets who have been on the apex of the power hierarchy. The most renowned them of all, i. e. ,the members of Ondiladze family, were Allahverdikhan and Emamgholikhan.
Allahverdikhan who had been taken as a slave, was able to show his honesty, tactfulness and qualities and converted into Commander-In-Chief. He built Allahverdikhan Bridge( or Siyo-Se-Pol) and built thirty three openings in it to the honour of Georgian language which has thirty three letters. His son Emamgholikhan was the governor in Fars. Besides his attempts in construction affairs and housing, he could drive Portuguese back from the Persian Gulf.
Georgians like other people in Iran have suffered lots of difficulties at Iranians elbow. They resisted Aafaghene like a stonewall, assisted Nader in driving the invaders back, had a leading role in Constitution(Mashroote) and the formation of the Islamic Revolution, during the Imposed War defended Iran with all the power they had to victory.
In the end it is incumbent upon me to express my gratitude to Mr Saeed Mooliani, the author, for providing me with the information needed to do the job.